Mirror therapy using cylindrical grip muscle strength and extremity range of motion

Nursalam Nursalam, Iqlima Dwi Kurnia, Bernadetta Germia Aridamayanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the world, after heart disease and cancer. The main disability in productive age is caused by stroke. This study aimed to analyse the effect of the mirror therapy combination of cylindrical grip muscle strength, upper limb range of motion and post-stroke client self-care, at the two hospitals in Banjarmasin. A quantitative research design was used, with a quasi-experimental research design. The sample comprised 66 respondents. Interventions involved giving mirror therapy combined cylindrical grip three times a week for four weeks. Researchers used a handgrip dynamometer to measure limb strength over post-stroke clients. A goniometer tool assessed a joint range of motion and questionnaire as to the modification of the level of independence of patients, in fulfilling post-stroke client self-care. Analysis of the data in this study used normality tests with Kolmogorov Smirnov. Analysis of each group pre-test and post-test used the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, while the post-test value of each group using MANOVA. The results showed that Muscle Strength (p=0.000) and Range of Motion (p=0.000) have a significant effect with Mirror Therapy of Cylindrical Grip Combination. The effect of mirror therapy combined cylindrical grip muscle strength and upper limb range of motion. It can be applied to nurses and physiotherapists to carry out complementary therapy. It can also be used as a support for pharmacological therapy to increase muscle strength and upper limb range of motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-275
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Cylindrical grip
  • Hemiparesis
  • Mirror therapy
  • Muscle strength
  • Range of motion


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