Micro-Osteoperforations Induce TNF-α Expression and Accelerate Orthodontic Tooth Movement via TNF-α-Responsive Stromal Cells

Ria Kinjo, Hideki Kitaura, Saika Ogawa, Fumitoshi Ohori, Takahiro Noguchi, Aseel Marahleh, Yasuhiko Nara, Adya Pramusita, Jinghan Ma, Kayoko Kanou, Itaru Mizoguchi

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) have been reported to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α has been reported to play a crucial role in OTM. In this report, the influence of MOPs during OTM was analyzed. We evaluated the expression of TNF-α with and without MOPs by RT-PCR analysis. A Ni-Ti closed coil spring was fixed between the maxillary left first molar and the incisors as an OTM mouse model to move the first molar in the mesial direction. MOPs were prepared on the lingual side and mesial side of the upper first molars. Furthermore, to investigate the target cell of TNF-α for osteoclast formation during OTM with MOPs in vivo, we created four types of chimeric mice in which bone marrow of wild-type (WT) or TNF receptor 1- and 2-deficient mice (KO) was transplanted into lethally irradiated WT or KO mice. The results showed that MOPs increased TNF-α expression, the distance of tooth movement and osteoclast formation significantly. Furthermore, mice with TNF-α-responsive stromal cells showed a significant increase in tooth movement and number of osteoclasts by MOPs. We conclude that MOPs increase TNF-α expression, and tooth movement is dependent on TNF-α-responsive stromal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2968
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Micro-osteoperforations
  • Orthodontic tooth movement
  • Osteoclast
  • TNF-α


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