Metabolic effects of onion and green beans on diabetic patients.

A. Tjokroprawiro, B. S. Pikir, A. A. Budhiarta, Pranawa, H. Soewondo, M. Donosepoetro, F. X. Budhianto, J. A. Wibowo, S. J. Tanuwidjaja, M. Pangemanan

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21 Citations (Scopus)


A comparative study, using a crossover design, was carried out on 260-well controlled diabetic out- patients to investigate the metabolic effects of the A (50% cal carbohydrate, 30% cal fat, and 20% cal protein) and the B-diets (Study I), since the adherence of diabetic patients to the A-diet is very poor, and uncontrolled diabetes ensues. In Indonesian rural areas traditional medicines are still widely preserved; onion and green beans represent two of the frequent ones. Being faced with such facts, two separate randomized crossover studies were performed on 20 cooperative diabetic outpatients each; paired t-test was used for statistical analysis. Half of the patients were assigned to the B-diet (68% cal carbohydrate, 20% cal fat, 12% cal protein) plus 3 X 20 g fresh onion per day (Study II), or plus 3 X 200 g green beans per day (Study III) in the first week, and the B-diet only in the second week; the other half was assigned the other way around. Well and poorly controlled diabetics were used as experimental patients of Study II and Study III, respectively. Study I demonstrated that the B-diet showed potent hypocholesterolemic effect (31.75 mg%, p less than 0.001), maintained diabetic state, and did not raise the fasting serum triglyceride level. Study II resulted in significant decrease in blood sugar level (4.37 mg%, p less than 0.05) in the onion treated group, however, no blood lipid levels-changes occurred during both diets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-676
Number of pages6
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume141 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1983


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