Melissopalynology and Vegetation Analysis Surrounding Sunggau of Giant Honey Bee Apis dorsata in Belitung Regency

Dwika Bramasta, Ibnul Qayim, Nina Ratna Djuita, Rika Raffiudin, Ramadhani Eka Putra, RC Hidayat Soesilohadi, Hery Purnobasuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The forest conversion into oil palm plantations in Belitung impacts the plant source for pollen and nectar to support the honey bee Apis dorsata. This study aimed to identify the plants used by A. dorsata as pollen sources in honey and bee bread in honey bee nests and to analyze the vegetation composition and structure surrounding the sunggau (artificial nesting site) in Belitung Regency. Honey from A. dorsata was collected from bee nests in sunggau on Kampak Island and Tanjung Rusa. The pollen grains from 20 ml honey were acetolysed and counted until 1,200 grains for each honey sample. In Kampak Island, we found eight pollen types in honey dominated by Rhizophora mucronate mangrove pollen and eleven pollen types in bee bread dominated by Melaleuca cajuputi. The pollen type in honey in Tanjung Rusa was similar to those in Kampak Island, and nine pollen types were found in the bee bread dominated by Elaeis guineensis. The vegetation analysis revealed that mangrove and heath forests in Kampak Island were dominated by Lumnitzera littorea and Melaleuca cajuputi, respectively. The results of this study confirm the bees' notable use of the mangrove ecosystem, which adds conservation value, especially in supporting bee management efforts in Belitung.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1174
Number of pages8
JournalHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • Acetolysis
  • Bee Bread
  • Honey
  • Melaleuca cajuputi
  • Rhizophora mucronata


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