TY - JOUR

T1 - Mathematical model of time-lapse vertical gradient microgravity measurement and its application for subsurface mass change and vertical ground movement (subsidence) identification, case study

T2 - Semarang alluvial plain, Central Java, Indonesia

AU - Kadir, Wawan G.A.

AU - Santoso, Djoko

AU - Sarkowi, Muh

PY - 2010/2

Y1 - 2010/2

N2 - Application of microgravity survey by measuring gravity change in time had been used extensively in many fields. The major causes of gravity change are mass change in reservoir including ground water level change (subsurface) and vertical ground movement (subsidence). While the observed gravity change, called as time-lapse microgravity anomaly, is as superposition of all the causes, hence how to identify each source is very important one because some of causes could have similar response. As example is increase in subsurface density shows similar gravimetric response with that of ground subsidence. In order to distinguish this similarity, time-lapse microgravity along with its vertical gradient analysis is effective. Theoretical background of this analysis is that vertical gradient microgravity value at the surface would be constant if there is only subsidence (no subsurface mass change). Therefore, response of its time-lapse vertical gradient microgravity for subsidence will be zero. In contrast, subsurface density change is identified as anomaly in both time-lapse microgravity and its vertical gradient, and the value of anomaly is proportional to the amount of subsurface density contrast (change). To demonstrate this technique, microgravity and vertical gradient microgravity measurement were repeatedly conducted in Semarang alluvial plain area where 2 to 17 cm/year subsidence rate and 1 to 5 m/year ground water level change occurred. Their time-lapse microgravity and vertical gradient anomalies indicate existence of ground water decrease, subsidence, and combination between subsidence and tidal flood. These results were confirmed with elevation change measurement and ground water level change from well data.

AB - Application of microgravity survey by measuring gravity change in time had been used extensively in many fields. The major causes of gravity change are mass change in reservoir including ground water level change (subsurface) and vertical ground movement (subsidence). While the observed gravity change, called as time-lapse microgravity anomaly, is as superposition of all the causes, hence how to identify each source is very important one because some of causes could have similar response. As example is increase in subsurface density shows similar gravimetric response with that of ground subsidence. In order to distinguish this similarity, time-lapse microgravity along with its vertical gradient analysis is effective. Theoretical background of this analysis is that vertical gradient microgravity value at the surface would be constant if there is only subsidence (no subsurface mass change). Therefore, response of its time-lapse vertical gradient microgravity for subsidence will be zero. In contrast, subsurface density change is identified as anomaly in both time-lapse microgravity and its vertical gradient, and the value of anomaly is proportional to the amount of subsurface density contrast (change). To demonstrate this technique, microgravity and vertical gradient microgravity measurement were repeatedly conducted in Semarang alluvial plain area where 2 to 17 cm/year subsidence rate and 1 to 5 m/year ground water level change occurred. Their time-lapse microgravity and vertical gradient anomalies indicate existence of ground water decrease, subsidence, and combination between subsidence and tidal flood. These results were confirmed with elevation change measurement and ground water level change from well data.

KW - Microgravity

KW - Subsidence

KW - Subsurface mass change

KW - Time-lapse

KW - Vertical gradient

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950423109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77950423109

SN - 0972-0871

VL - 37

SP - 181

EP - 192

JO - Far East Journal of Mathematical Sciences

JF - Far East Journal of Mathematical Sciences

IS - 2

ER -