Maternal Characteristics and Outcomes Affected by COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

Sofia Al Farizi, Dewi Setyowati, Azra Fauziyah Azyanti, Dyah Ayu Fatmaningrum, Rahayu Kusuma Candrakirana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: Compare the impact of the intervention on the outcome of pregnancy of patients receiving obstetric care with and non-COVID-19 diagnosis at a tertiary referral hospital located in the region of East Java, Indonesia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 694 pregnant women. These patients’ information was acquired based on the medical data obtained from the hospital. The Mann–Whitney test was used to analyze the disparities among the factors examined in this research investigation. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in length of stay (LOS). It has been shown that individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 often exhibit a longer length of stay (LOS) in healthcare facilities compared to those who do not have the infection. More than fifty percent of patients gave birth by cesarean section, 83 in COVID-19 group and 283 in non-COVID-19 group. The most prevalent complications among COVID-19 patients were maternal infectious and parasitic diseases (1.3 vs 0%), prolonged labor (12.3 vs 9.6%) and puerperal complications (0.6 vs 0%). In 40.9% of COVID-19 patients, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was encountered. Infection due to COVID-19 had no discernible impact on the outcomes of pregnancy. Conclusion: Numerous interventions, including cesarean delivery in COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients, require reevaluation. It is imperative to undertake a comprehensive reassessment of the health care delivery system, with particular emphasis on enhancing the efficacy of the referral system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-511
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • COVID-19
  • Maternal death
  • Maternal outcome
  • Pregnancy outcome


Dive into the research topics of 'Maternal Characteristics and Outcomes Affected by COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this