Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) are closely related to an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in infants and mothers. The purpose of this study was to find out the trends, characteristics, and outcomes of mothers and infants in GDM and PDGM to the patients who gave birth. This was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic research using secondary data from medical records of pregnant women with GDM and PGDM booked case who from 2013 to 2015. The prevalence of diabetes in pregnancy during the period 2013-2015 amounted to 6.97%. In patients with GDM and PGDM, outputs in the form of occurrence of eclampsia, sepsis, ruptured perineum grade III/IV, Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), and maternal mortality were not obtained. The results showed that GDM with preeclampsia was in 9 patients with OR of 0.74. In PGDM outcomes, blood sugar was not controlled in 4 patients, while 13 patients obtained preeclampsia with OR of 3.76. With the blood sugar regulation and monitoring of fetal well-being, the complications and morbidity and mortality to the mother and the fetus can be avoided.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||EurAsian Journal of BioSciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2020|
- Gestational diabetes mellitus
- Neonatal and maternal outcome
- Pregestational diabetes mellitus