17 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter attempts to examine the complex relationship between leadership, individuals, and organizations carefully. Individuals who retaliate may have more social and cognitive factors that are motivating through an inner sense of power and resource dependency. Based on knowledge from the broader literature on management and social psychological research, the authors have drawn fundamental perspectives of power and resource dependency from organizations to persons and circumstances that affect their motivations, attitudes, and behaviors. Therefore, this study provides researchers in organizational learning and individuals' roles as leaders with a preliminary map.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Applied Social Psychology in Multiculturalism
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781799869610
ISBN (Print)9781799869603
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021


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