The factors that influence the adaptation process 6months after a stroke: A path analysis

Kelana Kusuma Dharma, Nurbani Alamsyah, Puspa Wardhani, Winnellia Fridina Rangkuti, Halina Rahayu, Raju Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the determinant factors that influence the adaptation process and quality of life after a stroke. Methods: This study is an observational study using a cross-sectional design. Respondents were patients who were 6 months post-discharge after non-hemorrhagic stroke and their family caregivers. Information about respondents was taken from medical record data at two regional general hospitals in West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. A total of 80 patients were selected using a consecutive sampling method. Theoretical models of patient and caregiver factors that influence adaptation responses and post-stroke quality of life were tested using path analysis. Results: Caregiver coping, self-efficacy, and illness acceptance had a direct effect on the post-stroke psychosocial adaptation response by 58.1%, with self-efficacy contributing the most (β = 0.668, p < 0.0001). Self-efficacy, illness acceptance, and healthy behavior had a direct effect on the physiological adaptation response by 24.3%, where self-efficacy also contributed the most (β = 0.272, p < 0.014). Psychosocial adaptation and physiological adaptation had a direct effect on the quality of life by 54.6%, where psychosocial adaptation showed the largest contribution (β = 0.63, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Self-efficacy contributes the most to both psychosocial and physiological adaptations 6 months after stroke. Psychosocial adaptation and self-efficacy have been proven to be the determinant factors that contribute the most to the quality of life of patients 6 months after stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Physiological adaptation
  • Psychological adaptation
  • Quality of life
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stroke rehabilitation


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