Introduction and importance: The sport climbing has many complex maneuvers of the hand producing many potential injuries in flexor digitorum profundus tendon (FDPT). The late management due to an athlete high demand on competition makes the complication of retracted tendon and adhesion tend to occur. We provide the long terms functional outcome in FDPT zone I rupture repaired by palmaris longus (PL) tendon grafting augmented with human amniotic (hAM) and adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell (ASCs). Case presentation: We present a case of a 31-years old male sport climbing athlete with excruciating pain in the right middle finger due to an injury at distal phalangeal area occurred two months earlier. Intraoperatively, Bruner's incision was performed for exploration. A modified Kessler suture technique with running sutures around the sutured stump was used. We slightly overcorrected tension between PL and FDPT distal stumps. We shielded the distal and proximal sutured areas with hAM augmented with ASCs. The result was remarkable as he could return to competitive sport. Clinical discussion: Zones I and II have a high adhesion risk due to their complex structures. In the case of the PL tendon graft, the sutured stump lies in these zones which can affect outcomes. An HAM augmented with ASCs has an anti-adhesive property that allows smooth gliding of the tendon FDPT on two sutured stump junctions, as well as stimulating the tendon to produce tenocytes, which accelerates tendon healing. Conclusion: The combination of our technique and regenerative therapy effectively prevents adhesions and modulates tendon healing.
- Adipose mesenchymal stem cell
- Case report
- Flexor digitorum profundus tendon rupture
- Human amniotic membrane
- Regenerative therapy
- Tendon healing