Background: Hydrocephalus induces mechanical and biochemical changes in neural cells of the brain. Astrogliosis, as the hallmark of cellular changes in white matter, is involved in demyelination process, re-myelination inhibitory effect, and inhibition of axonal elongation and regeneration. The pathophysiology of this process is not well understood. The purpose of the present study is to elucidate the effect of lipid peroxidation product on astrogliosis through WNT/ β-catenin in kaolin-induced hydrocephalic rats. Methods: The study used kaolin-induced hydrocephalic rats. Obstructive hydrocephalus was expected to develop within seven days after induction. The hydrocephalus animals were killed at day 7, 14 and 21 after induction. One group of the saline-injected animals was used for sham-treatment. Results: We demonstrated that the hydrocephalic rats exhibited a high expression of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) in the periventricular area. The expression of β-catenin also increased, following the pattern of 4-HNE. Reactive astrocyte, expressed by positive glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), was upregulated in an incremental fashion as well as the microglia. Conclusion: This work suggests that lipid peroxidation product, 4-HNE, activated the WNT/β-catenin pathway, leading to the development of reactive astrocyte and microglia activation in hydrocephalus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Hydrocephalus
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Microglia
  • Reactive astrocyte
  • WNT/β-catenin signaling


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