Language and COVID-19: A discourse analysis of resistance to lockdown in Indonesia

Na'imah, Muassomah, Zulfi Mubaraq, Suswati Hendriani, Mohamad Hussin, Rabbani Ischak, Rizki Andini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Communities in Indonesia were resistant to lockdown policies, Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) and the Enactment of Restrictions on Community Activities (PPKM). Both policies were implemented numerous times in the country during the COVID-19 pandemic, and these caused widespread unrest. Language with the terms PSBB and PPKM, which several times extended suddenly, not informed to the community, inconsistent in its implementation, makes the community feel mad, neglected the needs of their life, and severe rejections. This research was conducted with a qualitative approach sourced from primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained from electronic media news that shows public resistance and government policies published through the official government web. Meanwhile, secondary data were obtained from journal articles discussing community resistance related to policies to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. The results showed that various terms translated from the term lockdown to the time PSBB and PPKM had consequences for policy misalignment with community expectations. The switching of language from lockdown to PSBB and PPKM has caused resistance in the community because it has allowed the government to be economically irresponsible. Therefore, the government needs to inform and be responsible, so that policies can run effectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13551
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Community resistance
  • COVID-19
  • Language
  • Lockdown policy


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