Lactiplantibacillus plantarum IS-10506 Enhances Tight Junction Integrity in Bronchial Epithelium: An Experimental Study

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Airway epithelium constitutes the initial structural defense against inhaled allergens, with its integrity primarily maintained through the formation of tight junctions (TJ) consisting of claudins, occludins, and zonula occludens (ZO). Currently, the effects of probiotics on airway TJ remain unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted to explore the impact of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum IS-10506, a native probiotic from Indonesia, on bronchial epithelial TJ in a mouse model of allergic airway inflammation. METHODS: Twenty-four BALB/c mice were randomly assigned to three groups: negative control, positive control subjected to Dermatophagoides pteryonissinus (Der p) sensitization and challenge, and treatment group exposed to Dcr p and administered L. plantarum IS-10506 since one week before sensitization up to three weeks after. The expression levels of elaudin-18, occludin, and ZO-1 were investigated through immunohistochemistry analysis and quantified based on the immunoreactive score (1RS). RESULTS: The results of this study demonstrated that L. plantarum IS-10506 significantly enhanced the expressions of elaudin-18, occludin, and ZO-1 (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings underscore the probiotic’s role in fortifying the integrity of airway TJ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-171
Number of pages10
JournalIndonesian Biomedical Journal
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • allergic inflammation
  • elaudin
  • immunology
  • occludin
  • probiotic Lacliplantibacillus plantarum
  • respiratory system
  • tight junction
  • zonula occludcns

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