Knowledge, perception, and willingness to provide telepharmacy services among pharmacy students: a multicenter cross-sectional study in Indonesia

Sofa D. Alfian, Qisty A. Khoiry, Mochammad Andhika A. Pratama, Ivan S. Pradipta, Susi A. Kristina, Elida Zairina, Eelko Hak, Rizky Abdulah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic accelerated the provision of telepharmacy services. However, little is known about the knowledge, perception, and willingness of pharmacy students as future key players in telepharmacy adoption to provide such a service, particularly in a setting without well-established telepharmacy services before the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: With this survey we aimed to assess the level of knowledge, perception, and willingness to provide telepharmacy services and to identify associated factors among pharmacy students in Indonesia. Methods: We applied a multicenter cross-sectional study design with convenience sampling technique among pharmacy students in three public universities in Bandung City, Surabaya City, and Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The knowledge, perception, and willingness to provide telepharmacy services were assessed using an online questionnaire. Ordinal regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with a high knowledge level, whereas binary logistic regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with a positive perception of telepharmacy services. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. Results: Among 313 respondents, 83.4% were female, and the mean age was 20 years. Although only 13.2% showed a high knowledge level, 66.5% showed a positive perception of telepharmacy services and 97.4% were willing to provide telepharmacy services in the future. An increase in age (OR 1.33; 95% CI 1.14–1.54) and being advance in smartphone usage (OR 5.21; 95% CI 2.03–13.42) are associated with an increased likelihood of having a high knowledge level about telepharmacy services. Male students had a lower likelihood of having a positive perception of telepharmacy services than females (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.24–0.85). Conclusion: Despite limited knowledge of telepharmacy, the majority of pharmacy students reported a positive perception and willingness to provide telepharmacy services in their future careers. Therefore, telepharmacy practice models must be included as a subject course in the curriculum, better preparing future pharmacists to perform their roles effectively. Furthermore, student-specific factors such as age and expertise in smartphone usage that associated with knowledge and gender that associated with perception should be considered to facilitate telepharmacy adoption in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number800
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Indonesia
  • Knowledge
  • Perception
  • Students
  • Telepharmacy
  • Willingness

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