Knowledge of xerostomia and angular cheilitis in geriatric population among clinical dental students: An institutional cross-sectional study

Fatma Y. Mahdani, Galuh D. Jati, Erine T. Febrine, Karina W. Cahyaningrum, Desiana Radithia, Satutya Wicaksono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Assessing the knowledge of clinical dental students regarding prevalent geriatric oral diseases is crucial in evaluating their clinical competency. This study focuses on analyzing dental students' knowledge of angular cheilitis (AC) and xerostomia in elderly patients. Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional investigation, clinical dental students from Universitas Airlangga were involved. We employed simple random sampling to select a minimum of 76 students and gathered data, including demographic information and knowledge about AC and xerostomia, through an online questionnaire. Respondents were then categorized into three groups based on their knowledge level: poor, moderate, and good. We utilized coefficient contingency and odds ratio analysis to explore relationships and effects between demographic factors and knowledge levels. Results: The study findings indicated that a significant majority of respondents demonstrated a high level of comprehension regarding AC (58.4%). Conversely, a notable proportion of respondents exhibited limited knowledge regarding xerostomia (66.3%). Furthermore, our correlation analysis, which aimed to identify potential associations between knowledge levels and intrinsic factors such as gender, clinical interest, and proximity to geriatric individuals, did not reveal any statistically significant relationships (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the population of clinical dental students, there is a commendable level of knowledge concerning AC in the geriatric demographic. However, a substantial segment of students lacks adequate understanding when it comes to xerostomia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Angular cheilitis
  • clinical dental students
  • geriatric population
  • knowledge level
  • xerostomia

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