Kinetic studies of potassium permanganate adsorption by activated carbon and its ability as ethylene oxidation material

F. Aprilliani, E. Warsiki, A. Iskandar

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Generally, ethylene production in many horticultural products has been seen to be detrimental to the quality during storage and distribution process. For this reason, removing ethylene from storage or distribution atmosphere is needed to maintain the quality. One of the technologies that can be applied is the use of potassium permanganate (KMnO4). KMnO4 is an active compound that can be used as an oxidizing agent on ethylene removal process. KMnO4 is not recommended for direct used application. As the result, additional material is required to impregnate the potassium permanganate. The inert materials used are commercial activated carbon. Activated carbon is chosen because it has high surface area. The purpose of this research is to determine kinetics adsorption and oxidation model of ethylene removal material. The kinetics adsorption was determined using the pseudo-first and second-order kinetic models. The data on adsorption process show that the second-order equation is more suitable to express the adsorption process on this research. The analyzing of the ethylene oxidation capacity increased with time until it reaches an optimal value. The ethylene oxidation rate is able to be estimated by the formula r = 0.1967 [C2H4]0.99 [KMnO4]0.01; MSE = 0.44 %. The actual and estimation data of ethylene oxidation show that the model is fitted to describe the actual ethylene oxidation under same experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012003
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Biomass: Toward Sustainable Biomass Utilization for Industrial and Energy Applications, ICB 2017 - Bogor, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Jul 201725 Jul 2017

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