Irradiation Time of Photodynamic Therapy to the Number of Lactobacillus acidophilus

Sri Kunarti, Nunik Nuraini, Farida Widhi Astuti, Cecilia G.J. Lunardi, Lulytha Rahmanike Putri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) is one of the etiological agents for dental caries and dominant in the deep carious lesion. L. acidophilus has also been identified in persistent root canal infection and also related to the failure of endodontic treatment. Photodynamic therapy is a therapeutic process involving the combination of a nontoxic photosensitizer and a light source. The excited photosensitizer reacts with reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induce injury and death of the microorganism. This study aimed to prove the effect of irradiation time of photodynamic therapy to the number of L. acidophilus. Forty-two Eppendorf tubes were treated with 0.5 ml L. acidophilus distributed into seven groups. Group 1 as the control group received no treatment. Groups 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 were treated with a combination of 0.5 ml toluidine blue O (TBO) as a photosensitizer and 630 nm photoactivated (Fotosan®) exposure time for 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 sec. Then, all were stored in an incubator of 37°C for 48 h. Later, the colony-forming unit (CFU) was counted for each group. There were significant differences in the number of L. acidophilus in CFU of the various irradiation times. The longer the photodynamic therapy irradiation was, the lesser the number of live L. acidophilus became. At 50 sec and 60 sec irradiation, none of the L. acidophilus was found alive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Orofacial Sciences
Issue numberSupplement 1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Irradiation time
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • photodynamic therapy
  • photosensitizer
  • Toluidine blue O


Dive into the research topics of 'Irradiation Time of Photodynamic Therapy to the Number of Lactobacillus acidophilus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this