3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious medical condition that poses a significant health risk to women and children worldwide, particularly in the middle- and low-income countries. It is a complex syndrome that occurs as a result of abnormal pregnancy. Hypertension is the most common symptom of PE, with proteinuria and specific organ systems as detrimental targets. PE's pathogenesis is diverse, and its symptoms can overlap with other diseases. In early pregnancy, when the placenta takes over control, oxidative stress may be closely associated with ferroptosis, a type of cell death caused by intracellular iron accumulation. Ferroptosis in the placenta is defined by redox-active iron availability, loss of antioxidant capacity and phospholipids containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) oxidation. Recent studies suggest a compelling potential link between ferroptosis and PE. In this article, we comprehensively review the current understanding of PE and discuss one of its emerging underlying mechanisms, the ferroptosis pathway. We also provide perspective and analysis on the implications of this process in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of preeclampsia. We aim to bridge the gap between clinicians and basic scientists in understanding this harmful disease and challenge the research community to put more effort into this exciting new area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115565
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Abnormal pregnancy
  • Cell death
  • Ferroptosis
  • Iron Metabolism
  • Oxidative stress
  • Preeclampsia

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