Investigating influences on current community pharmacy practice at micro, meso, and macro levels

Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The nature of Australian community pharmacy is continually evolving, raising the need to explore the current situation in order to understand the potential impact of any changes. Although community pharmacy has the potential to play a greater role in health care, it is currently not meeting this potential. Objective To investigate the nature of the contemporary practice of community pharmacy in Australia and examine the potential missed opportunities for role expansion in health care. Methods In-depth semi-structured interviews with a wide-range of key stakeholders within and beyond community pharmacy circles were conducted. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed for emerging themes. Results Twenty-seven key informants across Eastern half of Australia were interviewed between December 2014 and August 2015. Several key elements of the current situation representing the social, economic and policy context of community pharmacy have been identified. These elements operate interdependently, influence micro, meso and macro levels of community pharmacy operation and are changing in the current climate. Community pharmacy has untapped potential in primary health care, but it has been slow to change to meet opportunities available in the current situation. Conclusions As the current situation is complex, interrelated and dynamic with often unintended and unpredictable consequences, this paper suggests that policy makers to consider the micro, meso and macro levels of community pharmacy operation when making significant policy changes. The framework proposed in this study can be a helpful tool to analyze the processes operating at these three levels and their influences on practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-737
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Community pharmacy
  • Current situation
  • Macro
  • Meso and micro level influences

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