International society: The social dimensions of Indonesia’s foreign policy

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Realism has been the dominant conceptual approach to studying Indonesian foreign policy. This article, however, considers realist analyses to be insufficient since their emphasis on the struggle for power and security in the system of states has led to the neglect of the importance of perspectives which focus on order. To fill the gap it then intends to apply the English School perspective which focuses on the concept of international society to trace the nature and function of Indonesian foreign policy. Two cases are examined, including the Asian African Conference and Association of South East Asian Nations, to demonstrate the relevance of international society for policy ideas and action. The central argument is that the Indonesian elite worldview indicates that the creation and maintenance of order in international societies are ones which are prominent objectives legitimizing the conduct of Indonesia’s external relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-759
Number of pages19
JournalPacific Review
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Asian african conference
  • English school
  • Indonesian foreign policy
  • International society
  • Order
  • Realism


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