International migration and risk of divorce in families of female migrant workers

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The international migration of migrant workers is still highly demanded by women in rural areas in East Java. However, there are several impacts that have arisen in the family due to the shifting of power relations from husband to wife, within the scope of patriarchal culture. The situation of a husband and wife divorcing by using a lawyer has begun to enter the realm of the family in the agricultural sector. This research was conducted using qualitative methods, and successfully interviewed 15 informants who were selected purposively by name and address through divorce records in the Religious Affairs Office, in three districts in East Java. The results show a shift in gender roles related to the position and role of women in agrarian households in rural areas. The initiative and decision to divorce in a paternalistic agrarian family is no longer dominated by the husband. The control of economic resources by female migrants has become a strong basis in increasing their bargaining position, causing the husband's authority to be able to be "bought" by his wife (purchased local authority). The economic resource base of female migrants and a relatively long separation of husband and wife have triggered the divorce of migrant families in the area of origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1020
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Divorce
  • Female migrant workers
  • Gender
  • Patriarchal culture
  • Purchased local authority


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