International cooperation during COVID-19: Case study vaccine cooperation and its impact in Indonesia

Fadhila Inas Pratiwi, M. Muttaqien, Muhammad Samy, Jilan Hanifah Fadli, Angelique Angie Intan, Nugraha Ryadi Kusuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This policy review analyzes the international cooperation experienced in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic, specifically concerning vaccine cooperation. It examines the policy debates of vaccine cooperation within Indonesia from the government, parliament, religious organizations, civil society, and mass media. Although some feel pessimistic about vaccine cooperation, the results found that vaccine cooperation has a positive impact on Indonesia. This is because gradually after the highest COVID-19 cases in July 2021, the government continued to increase the vaccination rate and by the end of September 2021, Indonesia finally reached the lowest case numbers. Therefore, the vaccine cooperation between Indonesia and other countries proved to be effective in reducing the COVID-19 cases in Indonesia. International cooperation is necessary in times of crisis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-422
Number of pages20
JournalAsian Politics and Policy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Indonesia
  • international cooperation
  • policy debates
  • vaccine cooperation


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