Interhemispheric and Infratentorial Subdural Empyema with Preseptal Cellulitis as Complications of Sinusitis: A Case Report

Muhammad Reza Arifianto, Achmad Zuhro Ma'Ruf, Arie Ibrahim, Abdul Hafid Bajamal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Intracranial complications of paranasal sinusitis have become rare due to the use of antibiotics nowadays. However, several cases have been reported due the ability of paranasal sinusitis to cause serious complications. Once the infection spreads over the cranial structure, it could infect the orbits, underlying bones, meninges, adjacent veins, and brain. Subdural empyema is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication following paranasal sinusitis and should be considered as a neurological emergency. The location where subdural empyema may appear is a challenge in diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a 17-year-old boy who presented in a state of somnolence due to interhemispheric and infratentorial subdural empyema with preseptal cellulitis secondary to pansinusitis. Early diagnosis and aggressive antibiotic treatment combined with neurosurgical operation were mandatorily implemented. The case was managed using a multidisciplinary approach including the ENT, eye, and nutrition departments. The boy achieved clinical improvement, with impairment of eye movement as the only persistent symptom before discharge. Daily supervision at the primary health care center with continuous antibiotic treatment was recommended to the patient. Pertinent literature with controversies in the management of subdural empyema will be briefly discussed in this case report.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Infratentorial region
  • Interhemispheric region
  • Preseptal cellulitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Subdural empyema


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