Integrative Social-Health Security For Indonesian Migrant Workers: Does Fully Covered And Protected?

Aktieva Tri Tjitrawati, Mohammad Tavip, Mochamad Kevin Romadhona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: This article starts from the proposition of why an integrative health social security protection scheme is needed for Indonesian migrant workers (PMI). An argumentative explanation of the need for PMI's health and social security protection that works abroad is presented under the premise of the constitutional obligation of the State to protect all nations and ensure their welfare. Methods: This study uses a literature review methodology by describing what has been regulated in Law no. 18 of 2017 concerning the protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers Abroad. With a normative legal approach, namely library research, document studies, or documentary law research, sources obtained through primary legal materials, namely through statutory regulations. Results: The results of the analysis show that the pattern of legislation in the national social security system is not meant to preserve PMI due to the extreme chaos of its norms and the less adaptive and significant design of institutionalization of national social security, which is formed with a two-lane social security organizing body, namely Employment Insurance and Health Insurance in protecting PMI's constitutional rights. Conclusions: By providing social security, Social Health Insuranceshould take the initiative to protect PMI's constitutional rights. This can be done by formulating ideas to encourage the formulation of specific technical norms for PMI because of its unique characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Health protection system
  • Indonesian migrant workers
  • Integrative


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