Inhibition of Importin- α -Mediated Nuclear Localization of Dendrin Attenuates Podocyte Loss and Glomerulosclerosis

Maulana A. Empitu, Mitsuhiro Kikyo, Naritoshi Shirata, Hiroyuki Yamada, Shin Ichi Makino, Ika N. Kadariswantiningsih, Masashi Aizawa, Jaakko Patrakka, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Katsuhiko Asanuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Significance StatementNuclear translocation of dendrin is observed in injured podocytes, but the mechanism and its consequence are unknown. In nephropathy mouse models, dendrin ablation attenuates proteinuria, podocyte loss, and glomerulosclerosis. The nuclear translocation of dendrin promotes c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation in podocytes, altering focal adhesion and enhancing cell detachment-induced apoptosis. We identified mediation of dendrin nuclear translocation by nuclear localization signal 1 (NLS1) sequence and adaptor protein importin-α. Inhibition of importin-α prevents nuclear translocation of dendrin, decreases podocyte loss, and attenuates glomerulosclerosis in nephropathy models. Thus, inhibiting importin-α-mediated nuclear translocation of dendrin is a potential strategy to halt podocyte loss and glomerulosclerosis.BackgroundNuclear translocation of dendrin is observed in the glomeruli in numerous human renal diseases, but the mechanism remains unknown. This study investigated that mechanism and its consequence in podocytes.MethodsThe effect of dendrin deficiency was studied in adriamycin (ADR) nephropathy model and membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI2) podocyte-specific knockout (MAGI2 podKO) mice. The mechanism and the effect of nuclear translocation of dendrin were studied in podocytes overexpressing full-length dendrin and nuclear localization signal 1-deleted dendrin. Ivermectin was used to inhibit importin-α.ResultsDendrin ablation reduced albuminuria, podocyte loss, and glomerulosclerosis in ADR-induced nephropathy and MAGI2 podKO mice. Dendrin deficiency also prolonged the lifespan of MAGI2 podKO mice. Nuclear dendrin promoted c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation that subsequently altered focal adhesion, reducing cell attachment and enhancing apoptosis in cultured podocytes. Classical bipartite nuclear localization signal sequence and importin-α mediate nuclear translocation of dendrin. The inhibition of importin-α/β reduced dendrin nuclear translocation and apoptosis in vitro as well as albuminuria, podocyte loss, and glomerulosclerosis in ADR-induced nephropathy and MAGI2 podKO mice. Importin-α3 colocalized with nuclear dendrin in the glomeruli of FSGS and IgA nephropathy patients.ConclusionsNuclear translocation of dendrin promotes cell detachment-induced apoptosis in podocytes. Therefore, inhibiting importin-α-mediated dendrin nuclear translocation is a potential strategy to prevent podocyte loss and glomerulosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1239
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • CKD
  • JNK phosphorylation
  • MAGI2
  • anoikis
  • apoptosis
  • dendrin
  • nephropathy
  • nuclear translocation
  • podocyte loss

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