Influence of satisfaction and loyalty on Net Promoter Score (NPS) in academic libraries in Indonesia

Dyah Puspitasari Srirahayu, Esti Putri Anugrah, Khoirotun Layyinah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to determine the NPS score of state academic libraries users in Indonesia, the relationship between user loyalty and NPS scores and the relationship between user satisfaction with NPS. Design/methodology/approach: The method used in this research is quantitative explanatory method, which surveyed the relationship between satisfaction, loyalty and NPS variables based on the development of previous studies and existing theories. The population in this study were students visiting the state university library in Surabaya, Indonesia, namely Library A, Library B, Library C and Library D. The total number of samples taken was 200 divided equally to each of the universities, with 50 respondents respectively. Data collection was done with a questionnaire. Findings: The Result shows that NPS value for academic library in Indonesia was 8. (1) The probability value of satisfaction with NPS is 0.18 (greater than 0.01) so H1 is rejected, meaning that satisfaction has no significant effect on NPS, (2) The probability value of satisfaction with loyalty is < 0.01 so that H0 is accepted. This means that satisfaction has a significant effect on loyalty and (3) The probability value of loyalty to NPS is < 0.01 so that H0 is accepted. This indicates that loyalty has a significant effect on NPS. Research limitations/implications: To get user satisfaction, libraries need to improve facilities and services in accordance with the characteristics and needs of users, so that user expectations will be met and achieve satisfaction. When user satisfaction has been fulfilled, user loyalty to library products will be formed, so the NPS score will increase which is manifested by users recommending the library to others. This research has limitations, namely that the object of research is only in public higher education centers, so for generalization it is necessary to add research objects such as private college libraries, public libraries or school libraries. Originality/value: Research on loyalty by using NPS has not been done much especially in Indonesia. This study also examines the relationship between satisfaction and loyalty on NPS scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-339
Number of pages15
JournalLibrary Management
Issue number6-7
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Academic library
  • Loyalty
  • NPS
  • Net promoter score
  • Satisfaction


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of satisfaction and loyalty on Net Promoter Score (NPS) in academic libraries in Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this