Background: Bilateral chylothorax is leakage and accumulation of lymph fluid in the pleural space on both sides of the lung and in non-traumatic cases, caused mainly by lymphoma. Case presentation: An Indonesian female, 34 years old, complained of short breath, cough, and swelling in several areas (neck, breast, and hands). Chest X-ray and thorax CT scan showed the anterior mediastinal mass and bilateral pleural effusion. Pleural fluid from both hemithorax was yellow and turbid but odorless. Aerobic culture and cytology of pleural fluid were negative. Triglyceride (TG) of both pleural fluids was >110 mg/dL with the ratio of cholesterol/triglyceride of pleural fluid <1 supporting chylothorax. The core biopsy analysis was negative. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma was established by open thoracotomy biopsy and immunochemistry examination. Chylothorax prognosis was an improvement which was reduced after chest tube insertion. On the outpatient, the patient plans chemotherapy with R CHOP regimen (Rituximab + Cyclophosphamide, prednisone, doxorubicin, and vincristine). Discussion: Malignancy is the primary cause of non-traumatic chylothorax and thoracotomy is used to repair the thoracic duct. Conclusion: Bilateral chylothorax and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were confirmed based on pleural fluid analysis, thoracotomy open biopsy, and immunochemistry examination.
- Bilateral chylothorax
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma