Indonesia Inspection Mechanism: A Way to Comply with Maritime Labour Convention

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PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to examine the necessity of the Indonesian government to establish a national legal framework and inspection mechanism based on the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) by emphasising its role as a flag state, a coastal state, a labour supplier state, and a port state. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This is doctrinal research that applies a system-structural analysis by identifying, selecting, and synthesising all relevant sources, data, and provisions on the intended topic. FINDINGS: After the MLC was ratified through Law No. 15/2016, some technical provisions passed as mandated by the law. However, by 2021, insufficient comprehensive technical regulations for conducting standard inspection assessments hindered national maritime industry compliance. As a temporary measure in 2020, the authority relied on cooperation and assistance from another state/institution to conduct assessments. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This paper is based on research carried out in 2020-2021 and has not been published in any journal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-51
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Indonesia
  • Maritime Labour Convention (MLC)
  • Seafarer
  • comply
  • inspection mechanism
  • state roles


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