Incidence of Post-Operative Pain following a Single-Visit Pulpectomy in Primary Molars Employing Adaptive, Rotary, and Manual Instrumentation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Bhagyashree Thakur, Anuj Bhardwaj, Dian Agustin Wahjuningrum, Alexander Maniangat Luke, Krishna Prasad Shetty, Ajinkya M. Pawar, Rodolfo Reda, Marco Seracchiani, Alessio Zanza, Luca Testarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives. To differentiate the intensity of postoperative pain after primary molar pulpectomy employing manual instrumentation versus two single-file systems with different kinetics (the XP-Endo shaper file with adaptive instrumentation vs. the Kedo-SG blue file with continuous rotation instrumentation). Materials and Methods. This three-arm, single-blind, randomized clinical trial included assessing 75 healthy children between 4 to 9 years who required pulpectomy for primary molars (mandibular first and second). The three groups each had an equal number of children. Children in Group 1 had their teeth instrumented with the XP-endo Shaper, children in Group 2 had their teeth instrumented with the Kedo-SG Blue file, and children in Group 3 had their teeth instrumented manually using K-files. The degree of postoperative pain was measured using a four-point pain scale at 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, and 72-h following therapy. Each participant’s parent received five flashcards with four faces and a word characterizing each face. The data were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis and chi-square tests. The level of significance was set to 5%. Results. During the follow-up period, there was a significant difference in postoperative pain intensity between the three groups. The XP-endo shaper was associated with considerably decreased post operative at the 6- and 12-h interval followed by Kedo-SG. The highest post-operative discomfort across the groups was related to the patients who underwent manual instrumentation. Conclusion. In comparison to rotary and manual instrumentation, postoperative pain severity was reduced with adaptive instrumentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number355
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • XP-endo Shaper
  • adaptive instrumentation
  • postoperative pain
  • pulpectomy
  • randomized clinical trials

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