Garcinia dulcis is a plant commonly used in traditional medicine in tropical regions. It has anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and anti-malaria properties. Despite its potential benefits, studies on its effectiveness as an antiviral are limited. This study investigated the antiviral properties of G. dulcis leaf extract against the JFH-1 strain genotype 2a as a treatment for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Huh7it-1 cells infected with the HCV genotype 2a strain JFH-1 were used to determine the antiviral effect of methanol extracts of G. dulcis leaves (GD-LE). GD-LE antiviral activity was investigated using a focus-forming assay for anti-HCV and 3-(4,5-Dimethylthi-azol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay for cytotoxicity. A time-of-addition study of anti-HCV was also performed to determine the mode of action of GD-LE. The results showed that GD-LE inhibited HCV replication with an IC50 of 17.06 µg/mL without giving any toxicity to the cells. The mode-of-action of GD-LE was found to inhibit HCV replication in the co-addition and post-infection stages. These findings suggest that GD-LE could be a promising candidate for anti-HCV treatment. However, further study regarding GD-LE bioactive compound isolation needs to be done to prepare an effective antiviral.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Tropical Life Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2024


  • antiviral activity
  • Garcinia dulcis
  • hepatitis c virus


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