In silico assessment on TdP risks of drug combinations under CiPA paradigm

Ali Ikhsanul Qauli, Aroli Marcellinus, Muhammad Aldo Setiawan, Andi Faiz Naufal Zain, Azka Muhammad Pinandito, Ki Moo Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Researchers have recently proposed the Comprehensive In-vitro Proarrhythmia Assay (CiPA) to analyze medicines’ TdP risks. Using the TdP metric known as qNet, numerous single-drug effects have been studied to classify the medications as low, intermediate, and high-risk. Furthermore, multiple medication therapies are recognized as a potential method for curing patients, mainly when limited drugs are available. This work expands the TdP risk assessment of drugs by introducing a CiPA-based in silico analysis of the TdP risk of combined drugs. The cardiac cell model was simulated using the population of models approach incorporating drug-drug interactions (DDIs) models on several ion channels for various drug pairs. Action potential duration (APD90), qNet, and calcium duration (CaD90) were computed and analyzed as biomarker features. The drug combination maps were also used to illustrate combined medicines' TdP risk. We found that the combined drugs alter cell responses in terms of biomarkers such as APD90, qNet, and CaD90 in a highly nonlinear manner. The results also revealed that combinations of high-risk with low-risk and intermediate-risk with low-risk drugs could result in compounds with varying TdP risks depending on the drug concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2924
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


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