Improved Newton-raphson with schur complement methods for load flow analysis

Lea Tien Tay, William Ong Chew Fen, Lilik Jamilatul Awalin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The determination of power and voltage in the power load flow for the purpose of design and operation of the power system is very crucial in the assessment of actual or predicted generation and load conditions. The load flow studies are of the utmost importance and the analysis has been carried out by computer programming to obtain accurate results within a very short period through a simple and convenient way. In this paper, Newton-Raphson method which is the most common, widely-used and reliable algorithm of load flow analysis is further revised and modified to improve the speed and the simplicity of the algorithm. There are 4 Newton-Raphson algorithms carried out, namely Newton-Raphson, Newton-Raphson constant Jacobian, Newton-Raphson Schur Complement and Newton-Raphson Schur Complement constant Jacobian. All the methods are implemented on IEEE 14-, 30-, 57- and 118-bus system for comparative analysis using MATLAB programming. The simulation results are then compared for assessment using measurement parameter of computation time and convergence rate. Newton-Raphson Schur Complement constant Jacobian requires the shortest computational time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Complement
  • Constant Jacobian
  • Load flow
  • Newton-raphson
  • Newton-raphson with schur


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