Impact of statin on renal cell carcinoma patients undergoing nephrectomy. Does it affect cancer progression and improves survival? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ghazian Adli, Niwanda Yogiswara, Ida Bagus Gde Tirta Yoga Yatindra, Rheza Maulana Putra, Wahjoe Djatisoesanto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is regarded as one of the most common malignant tumors. Various concomitant medications in RCC patients undergoing surgery are investigated to explore the potential for improving survival and preventing disease recurrence, including statin. It has been observed that these drugs induce apoptosis, thereby inhibiting tumor growth and angiogenesis. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to enhance the level of evidence for statin in RCC. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in several online databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and Science-direct, using terms relevant to the use of statins in RCC patients undergoing nephrectomy for publications published up to July 2023, according to a registered review procedure (CRD42023452318). The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the risk of bias of the included study. Review Manager 5.4 was used for all analyses. Results: Seven articles was eligible for our study. The analysis revealed that patients receiving statin had a better overall survival compared to patients who does not receive statin (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.51-0.97, p = 0.03, I2 = 76%). However, there was insignificant difference in terms of CSS, DFS, and PFS between RCC patients receiving statin and without statin. Conclusions: Statin has substantial benefits for improving OS. Even though the outcomes for CSS, DFS, and PFS were insignificant, the potential role of statins as a supplementary therapy in surgically treated RCC still requires further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11672
JournalArchivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Nephrectomy
  • Outcome
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Statin
  • Survival rate

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