HYPERGLYCEMIA AS A PREDICTOR OF OUTCOME IN PAEDIATRIC SEVERE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY PATIENTS UNDERWENT SURGERY: A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE FROM EASTERN INDONESIA FROM 2017-2022

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) remains a significant health burden worldwide. This study aimed to describe, determine and recommendation concerning the impact of hyperglycemia on pediatric TBI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Paediatric trauma patients with severe TBI event were identified and admitted to our Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, the regional Trauma Center of East Java, Indonesia between calendar year of 2017 and 2022. Our institutions trauma database was utilized to select the patient included in this study. Patients with GCS ≤ 8 who underwent neurosurgical interventions were included to the study. Neurosurgical interventions are craniotomy for clot evacuation and decompressive craniectomy. We excluded patients with GCS > 8 and/or treated with conservative therapy (no surgery needed). Data collected for analysis as independent variables included patient age, admission GCS score and admission serum glucose score, mechanism of injury, type of intracranial lesion and type of surgery. Outcome of the patients included was examined at discharge which sub-grouped by Glasgow Outcomes Scale (GOS) score. Independent variables were entered into the logistic model in a stepwise fashion with a significant cutoff of p< 0,05. RESULTS: Results: Patients with worse neurological outcomes (GOS score 1-2) had a mean serum glucose value of over 200 mg/dL. Patients who died (GOS score of 1) had higher mean admission glucose values (226.44 ± 62,00) than the patients who had survived with a GOS score of 3 (139.80 ± 10.87), 4 (87), or 5 (134). Patients who resulted in a vegetative state (GOS score of 2) had higher mean admission serum glucose values than patients who were discharged with a GOS score of 5 (205.14 ± 36.17 vs. 134; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Hyperglycaemia in pediatric TBI patients that underwent neurosurgical intervention is associated with worse outcomes, even mortality. We believe that prospective evaluation of glucose normalization in the context of acute management of pediatric head injuries is both appropriate and necessary for the next study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1342-1346
Number of pages5
JournalWiadomosci Lekarskie
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • GOS
  • Pediatric TBI
  • craniotomy
  • hyperglycemia
  • mortality

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