Hybrid approach to corporate sustainability performance in Indonesia’s cement industry

Ching Hsin Wang, Yi Chun Chen, Jovi Sulistiawan, Tat Dat Bui, Ming Lang Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to create a solid framework for decision-making in Indonesia’s cement industry, emphasizing those factors which bring about the most impactful results. The framework was developed using the fuzzy Delphi method, the fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory, and a fuzzy Kano model. This study builds a hierarchical structure to approach the impact of corporate sustainability performance. We classify important factors into causes or effects and further identify those factors which are critical to improving the performance of Indonesia’s cement industry. Although corporate sustainability performance is a crucial topic in today’s business environment, sustainability strategies remain underrated in Indonesia. We confirm the validity of 19 factors within the following dimensions: environmental impact, social sustainability, economic gain, technological feasibility, and institutional compliance. The sub-dimensions of community interest, risk-taking ability, and regulatory compliance were identified as causes of perceived risks and benefits. In contrast, the following factors were identified as critical to improving corporate sustainability performance: renewable energy resources, contributions to charity, the perception of management regarding technology as a differentiator, and firm readiness to collaborate with high-tech companies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14039
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • Cement industry
  • Corporate sustainability performance
  • Fuzzy Kano model
  • Fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory
  • Technological feasibility


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