HIF-1α plays an essential role in BMP9-mediated osteoblast differentiation through the induction of a glycolytic enzyme, PDK1

Muhammad Subhan Amir, Norika Chiba, Chang Hwan Seong, Joji Kusuyama, Nahoko Eiraku, Tomokazu Ohnishi, Norifumi Nakamura, Tetsuya Matsuguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bone homeostasis is regulated by bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs), among which BMP9 is one of the most osteogenic. Here, we have found that BMP9 rapidly increases the protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in osteoblasts under normoxic conditions more efficiently than BMP2 or BMP4. A combination of BMP9 and hypoxia further increased HIF-1α protein expression. HIF-1α protein induction by BMP9 is not accompanied by messenger RNA (mRNA) increase and is inhibited by the activation of prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)-containing protein, indicating that BMP9 induces HIF-1α protein expression by inhibiting PHD-mediated protein degradation. BMP9-induced HIF-1α protein increase was abrogated by inhibitors of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) kinase, indicating that it is mediated by PI3K–AKT signaling pathway. BMP9 increased mRNA expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1), a glycolytic enzyme, and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), an angiogenic factor, in osteoblasts. Notably, BMP9-induced mRNA expression of PDK1, but not that of VEGF-A, was significantly inhibited by small interference RNA-mediated knockdown of Hif-1α. BMP9-induced matrix mineralization and osteogenic marker gene expressions were significantly inhibited by chemical inhibition and gene knockdown of either Hif-1α or Pdk-1, respectively. Since increased glycolysis is an essential feature of differentiated osteoblasts, our findings indicate that HIF-1α expression is important in BMP9-mediated osteoblast differentiation through the induction of PDK1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2183-2197
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume237
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9)
  • differentiation
  • glycolysis
  • hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α)
  • osteoblast
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1)

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