Health-related quality of life difference between early diagnoseand finished therapy of nephrotic syndrome in children

Riska Habriel Ruslie, Darmadi Darmadi, Cennikon Pakpahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome is the most common glomerular disease in children with high economic burden. The management of nephrotic syndrome at present is not only focusing in outcomes of disease but also the burden related to health-related quality of life (HRQOL). HRQOL of children with nephrotic syndrome is influenced by steroid dependence, steroid resistance, cytotoxic therapy, frequency of relapse, disease severity, socioeconomic status, and duration of illness. AIM: The objective of the study is to determine the difference of HRQOL in children between early diagnosed nephrotic syndrome and finished therapy of nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and December 2018. Subjects were children aged 1–18 years with nephrotic syndrome and then divided into 2 groups based on either in the 1st week of full dose corticosteroid treatment or in the 1st week after finishing therapy equally. Demographical data, nutritional status, and laboratory results were obtained. HRQOL was measured using PedsQL 4.0 questionnaire in the Indonesian language. The difference of HRQOL was analyzed using independent T-test. RESULTS: A total of 100 subjects enrolled in this study and divided into two groups. Male-to-female ratio was 4:1 in early diagnosed group and 7.3:1 in finished therapy group. Mean age of subjects for the early diagnosed group was 4.6 years and finished therapy group was 5.3 years. Total HRQOL was improved after treatment administration in children with nephrotic syndrome (p < 0.001). The improvement was most significant in physical domain (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: HRQOL in children with early diagnosed nephrotic syndrome was lower compared to children with finished therapy of nephrotic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-805
Number of pages5
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2021


  • Children
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Therapy


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