Green tea extract addition into a Tris-based egg yolk extender improves Bali bull sperm quality

Ragil Angga Prastiya, Tri Wahyu Suprayogi, Aldea Erian Debora, Ani Wijayanti, Anny Amalia, Deny Sulistyowati, Aras Prasetiyo Nugroho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: The conservation of Bali bulls, the Indonesian native breed of cattle, is crucial for cattle breeding in Indonesia. To guarantee the spread of Bali bulls through artificial insemination the quality of the frozen semen must be high. To this end, adding an extender material to semen that increases spermatozoa’s survival during cryopreservation is important. Green tea extract (GTE) can be used as cryoprotectant because its high antioxidant activity can help avoid reactive oxygen species formation. Methods: Semen of five Bali bulls from the National Artificial Insemination Center at Singosari, Indonesia was collected routinely twice a week. First, fresh semen inspection was performed to determine the feasibility of using Bali bulls as animal samples. The extender used in this study was Tris-based egg yolk. The samples were divided into four treatments: T0, no GTE added to the extender; T1, 0.05 mg GTE plus 100 mL extender; T2, 0.10 mg GTE plus 100 mL extender; and T3, 0.15 mg GTE plus 100 mL extender. The semen freezing process was conducted according to standard procedures and sperm quality parameters, i.e., sperm motility, viability, abnormalities, and membrane integrity observed pre-freezing and post-thawing. Results: There were significant differences in total motility, progressive motility, viability, and integrity membrane of Bali bull sperm at both pre-freezing and post-thawing after adding GTE into the extender. In contrast, there were no differences in abnormalities among treatments. Conclusion: Adding GTE at a 0.15 mg into 100 mL Tris-based egg yolk extender can improve the quality of cryopreserved Bali bull sperm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal Bioscience
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Applied Genetics and Breeding
  • Bali Bull
  • Cryopreservation
  • Extender
  • Gene Bank
  • Green Tea Extract
  • Livestock


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