Giant bladder stone with squamous cell carcinoma of bladder: Case report and the literature review

Septa Surya Wahyudi, Achmad Romy Syahrial Rozidi, Rahmat Sayyid Zharfan, Dewi Setyowati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and importance: Concurrent bladder neoplasm and giant bladder stone are rare in contemporary urological practice. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is rare histologic diagnosis of bladder cancer. Case presentation: A 45 y.o. male, with lower abdominal pain when urinating, that comes and goes in the last 35 years. He had gross hematuria a year ago. The patient comes from a rural region, which undiagnosed for years. Physical examination showed a suprapubic abdominal solid mass, sized 20 × 10 cm, without tenderness. On plain radiography, showed radiopaque lesion which fully occupies the bladder. The ultrasound showed bilateral hydronephrosis. The patient underwent vesicolithotomy, and a giant bladder stone (size of 14 × 9 cm) was found, with incidental finding of suspicious malignant mass. The patient refuses radical cystectomy. Due to mass characteristics that are manageable for complete excision and the need for histopathological studies, bladder preservative therapy was applied with complete tumor excision and biopsy. The mass pathological diagnosis is grade 2 squamous cell carcinoma with lamina muscularis invasion, staged pT3bN0M0. The patient underwent cisplatin-based chemotherapy, with regular evaluation. The possibility of future radical cystectomy remains open. Clinical discussion: By diameter, the stones found in our patient is perhaps one of the largest that ever reported being associated with bladder SCC. The bladder stones causing chronic mucosal injury, lead to the development of SCC. In limited situation, bladder preservation therapy may be considered for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Conclusion: Despite its rarity, SCC along with the chronic bladder stone is possible, and needs more attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-385
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Case report
  • Giant bladder stone
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

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