MAX phase materials have garnered significant attention due to their corrosion resistance, impressive antioxidation and high electrical and optical conductivity. One such material, Titanium Tin Carbide (Ti2SnC), has demonstrated notable nonlinear optical properties. The saturable absorption of Ti2SnC, embedded into a polyvinyl (PVA) film, was measured to assess its potential. The Ti2SnC -PVA film exhibited a calculated modulation depth of 7.8%. In the context of practical applications, the Ti2SnC-PVA film was employed as a saturable absorber (SA) in an Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) cavity. This configuration enabled the generation of stable Q-switched and mode-locked pulse trains. Q-switched operation occurred in a pump power range of 51.67 mW–83.83 mW, reaching a peak pulse energy of 110.94 nJ. Transitioning to mode-locking operation, the laser cavity demonstrated efficiency in the pump power range of 105.27 mW–196.39 mW. At a pump power of 196.39 mW, the fiber laser cavity achieved its highest pulse energy of 5.42 nJ, characterized by a pulse width of 2.32 ps and a pulse repetition rate of 1.825 MHz. These results highlight the promising potential of Ti2SnC-PVA thin film as a cutting-edge material for applications in pulsed laser systems. The material's excellent nonlinear optical properties make it a compelling candidate for advancing the field of pulsed laser technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120527
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


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