Generation of Picosecond Pulses in Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers Via Mode Locking Using V4AlC3 Thin Film

Nur Zulaikha Mohd Safuan, Ahmad Haziq A. Rosol, Nur Farhanah Zulkipli, Moh Yasin, Sulaiman Wadi Harun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Short pulses are showing increasing importance in various industrial and scientific applications. Here, we exploit the saturable absorption of a ternary layered MAX-phase compound of Vanadium Aluminum carbide (V4AlC3) to produce mode-locked pulses in Erbium-doped fiber-laser (EDFL) cavity. The V4AlC3 composite thin film with a modulation depth of 24% is successfully obtained by embedding the commercial V4AlC3 powder into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). It is integrated into an EDFL cavity, as a saturable absorber (SA), to generate a highly-stable mode-locked pulse, which operates at the 1559.8 nm wavelength. We successfully obtain the mode-locked pulse train with a fixed repetition rate of 1.8 MHz and a pulse width of 3.66 ps, as the pump power is set within a range from 73.1 to 108.1 mW. At the maximum pump power equal to 108.1 mW, the average output power, pulse energy, and peak power are 10.2 mW, 5.4 nJ, and 1.5 W, respectively. Overall, these results show the potential of V4AlC3 MAX-phase material to be used in ultrafast generation. The proposed approach is straightforward and can also be applied to operate in other wavelength regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-391
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Russian Laser Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • VAlC
  • mode locking
  • saturable absorber


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