Gender Diversity on Board of Directors and Intellectual Capital Disclosure in Indonesia*

Mohammad Herli, Bambang Tjahjadi, Hafidhah Hafidhah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the impact of gender diversity on the board of directors on corporate intellectual capital (IC) disclosure in Indonesia. For the study purpose, the sample was divided into two sections, i.e., companies with large capitalizations and companies with small capitalizations. A paired T-test was used to observe significant changes in the disclosure level between period and type of firm. Using linear regression analysis, the influence of gender diversity and other variables on IC disclosure was examined. The findings show that IC disclosure varies for large and small companies. The level of IC disclosure in large companies was stronger than in small companies. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that the profitability, leverage, ownership, and type of business of the company significantly affect IC disclosure. For companies with large capitalization, the presence of women directors on corporate boards or gender diversity on corporate boards does not impact IC disclosure. This is because the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) does not insist on IC disclosure. However, for small companies, the existence of gender diversity has a significant effect on IC disclosure. The findings of this study suggest that policymakers and standard makers must consider the inclusion of IC disclosure on the annual report as mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-144
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Board of Directors
  • Gender Diversity
  • Intellectual Capital Disclosure
  • Women’s Director


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