Gastroprotective effect of fluvoxamine and ondansetron on stress-induced gastric ulcers in mice

Mahardian Rahmadi, Nily Su'Aida, Pratiwi Yustisari, Wahyu Agung Dewaandika, Elma Oktavia Hanaratri, Mareta Rindang Andarsari, Sumarno, Toetik Aryani

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The association between stress and gastric ulcers has been well reported. This study is divided into two parts: the first part of this study is consisted of analyzing the effect of fluvoxamine administration by intracerebroventricular (ICV) and intraperitoneal (IP) injections on stress-induced gastric ulcers. The second part investigates the effect of ondansetron in influencing the protection of the gastric mucous by giving fluvoxamine to the mice before being induced with stress. Water immersion restraint stress (WIRS) was used to induce stress. Fluvoxamine 50 and 100 mg/kg by IP injection, fluvoxamine 9.3 μg, and 18.6 μg by ICV injection 30 min before the induction of stress. Meanwhile, single drug and in combination administered to the mice, ondansetron 3 mg/kg was given by IP at 60 min, and fluvoxamine 50, 100 mg/kg orally at 30 min before stress induction. The obtained results show fluvoxamine 50 and 100 mg/kg by IP, and fluvoxamine 18.6 μg by ICV had significantly reduced ulcer index with p<0.005, p<0.001, and p<0.005 while fluvoxamine 9.3 μg showed the insignificant result. Fluvoxamine 50 mg/kg, fluvoxamine 100 mg/kg, and ondansetron 3 mg/kg monotherapy have a significant reduction in ulcers with p<0.005, p<0.001, and p<0.05, while the combination drugs showed an insignificant reduction in ulcers. Fluvoxamine with different administration routes and ondansetron monotherapy before stress reduce the occurrence of gastric ulcers, while the combination drugs did not increase the protective effect of the gastric mucosa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • fluvoxamine
  • gastric ulcers
  • health risk
  • ondansetron
  • stress


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