Frequency of an X-Linked Maternal Variant of the Bovine FOXP3 Gene Associated with Infertility in Different Cattle Breeds: A Pilot Study

Md Shafiqul Islam, Mitsuhiro Takagi, Keun Woo Lee, Hye Sook Chang, Hiroaki Okawa, Muchammad Yunus, Tita Damayanti Lestari, Martia Rani Tacharina, Shahnaj Pervin, Tofazzal Md Rakib, Akira Yabuki, Osamu Yamato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Immune adaptation plays an essential role in determining pregnancy, which has been shown to be dependent on sufficient immunological tolerance mediated by FOXP3+ regulatory T cells. Recently, an X-linked maternal single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), located 2175 base pairs upstream of the start codon in the bovine FOXP3 gene (NC_037357.1: g.87298881A>G, rs135720414), was identified in Japanese Black (JB: Bos taurus) cows in association with recurrent infertility. However, with the exception of JB cows, the frequency of this SNP has yet to be studied in other cow populations. In this study, we thus aimed to evaluate the frequency of this SNP in different cow breeds. Between 2018 and 2021, a total of 809 DNA samples were obtained from 581 JB, 73 Holstein Friesian (HF: B. taurus), 125 Korean Hanwoo (KH: B. taurus coreanae), and 30 Indonesian Madura (IM: a crossbreed between B. indicus and B. javanicus) cows, which were genotyped using a TaqMan probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction assay designed in this study. The frequency of the G allele was found to be relatively high in local IM (0.700), moderate in dairy HF (0.466), and low in beef JB (0.250) and KH (0.112) cows, with differences in the frequencies between each group being shown to be statistically significant (p < 0.005) using Fisher’s exact test. The results obtained in this study indicate that the G allele frequencies of the identified the SNP differ markedly in different breeds of taurine and indicine cattle. Given these findings, it would thus be important to evaluate the relationships between high frequencies of the G allele and infertility in different breeds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1044
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • Hanwoo
  • Holstein Friesian
  • Japanese black
  • Madura
  • allele frequency
  • bovine FOXP3 gene
  • cow
  • infertility
  • regulatory T cell


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