Food Traceability Systems, Consumers’ Risk Perception, and Purchase Intention: Evidence from the “4-label-1-Q” Approach in Taiwan

Shu Chen Hsu, Yu Fu Huang, Trias Mahmudiono, Hsiu Ling Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)


Many food safety issues have arisen in Taiwan during the past decade. Therefore, in 2016, the Taiwan government proposed the “five rings of food safety” policy to comprehensively protect consumer food supply. Among these policies, the “4-labels-1-Q” approach was adopted to ensure the selection of foods with traceable labels for retrospective study. Hence, this study investigated the association between the degree of familiarity with the 4-labels-1-Q food traceability system and risk perceptions and also investigated whether a consumer’s purchase intention toward fresh foods with food labels changed after viewing an educational film on food labels. This study defined subjects as the main food purchasers for their families; 290 valid questionnaire interviews were administered and educational films shown in Tainan markets and stores. Results showed that knowledge about labels significantly affected risk perception for labeling. Age, educational level, and degree of risk perception influenced purchase intention. Results also showed that after viewing the video, subjects’ label knowledge and purchase intention increased significantly. However, after adjustment for age, educational level, income, and purchase places, the effect of film education on risk perception was insignificant, especially for those who had lower educational levels, including those older than 65 years. Public trust can be boosted through label education among age groups using different channels and methods, and encouraging the sale of labeled foods in traditional markets would be a useful strategy. Age, educational level, income, and risk perception of participants significantly affected purchase intention. This study can be a reference for designing risk communication strategies and promoting traceable agricultural products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-163
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Food Protection
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Food label
  • Food safety
  • Food traceability system
  • Purchase intention
  • Risk perception


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