Food suggestions, meal frequency, and dietary diversity among pregnant women: A quantitative study in Madura

Rian Diana, Dyan Fajar Chistianti, Faisal Anwar, Rendra Kusuma, Riris Diana Rachmayanti, Ali Khomsan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


During pregnancy, the nutritional requirement increases. Therefore, many nutritious foods (diverse food groups) are suggested for pregnant women. This study aimed to explore the association between food suggestions and meal frequency with dietary diversity among pregnant women. This research was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017 in Sume- nep Regency in the Eastern Madura Island, East Java Province, Indonesia. There were 282 pregnant women involved in this study. This survey presents a quantitative study of food suggestions for pregnant women. The minimum dietary diversity for women assessed die- tary diversity. A coefficient contingency was done to analyse the association between vari- ables. Most pregnant women eat 2-3x/day. More than half of pregnant women have a food suggestion (57.4%) and reach minimum dietary diversity (56%). There was a tendency that higher meal frequency contributes to higher dietary diversity but not significantly associ- ated (p=0.214). There was a significant association between food suggestions and dietary diversity (p=0.003). Indigenous knowledge, such as food suggestions has a beneficial effect on pregnant women’s diets. Pregnant women need to follow the food suggestions so they can have a good and diverse diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalFuture of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Dietary diversity
  • dietary habit
  • food suggestions
  • meal frequency
  • pregnant women
  • recommended food


Dive into the research topics of 'Food suggestions, meal frequency, and dietary diversity among pregnant women: A quantitative study in Madura'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this