Finger-Actuated Micropump of Constant Flow Rate without Backflow

Nur Farrahain Nadia Ahmad, Nik Nazri Nik Ghazali, Ahmad Taufiq Abdul Rani, Mohammad Hafiz Othman, Chia Ching Kee, Prastika Krisma Jiwanti, Arturo Rodríguez-Gómez, Yew Hoong Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents a finger-actuated micropump with a consistent flow rate and no backflow. The fluid dynamics in interstitial fluid (ISF) extraction microfluidics are studied through analytical, simulation, and experimental methods. Head losses, pressure drop, diodocity, hydrogel swelling, criteria for hydrogel absorption, and consistency flow rate are examined in order to access microfluidic performance. In terms of consistency, the experimental result revealed that after 20 s of duty cycles with full deformation on the flexible diaphragm, the output pressure became uniform and the flow rate remained at nearly constant levels of 2.2 μL/min. The flow rate discrepancy between the experimental and predicted flow rates is around 22%. In terms of diodicity, when the serpentine microchannel and hydrogel-assisted reservoir are added to the microfluidic system integration, the diodicity increases by 2% (Di = 1.48) and 34% (Di = 1.96), respectively, compared to when the Tesla integration (Di = 1.45) is used alone. A visual and experimentally weighted analysis finds no signs of backflow. These significant flow characteristics demonstrate their potential usage in many low-cost and portable microfluidic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number881
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Tesla vale
  • diodicity
  • finger-actuated micropump
  • flow rate
  • microfluidic


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