Fertility restoration of racing mare with persistent corpus luteum

Tjok Gde Oka Pemayun, Imam Mustofa, Laba Mahaputra, Herry Agoes Hermadi, Ngakan Made Rai Wijaya, Sri Mulyati, Suzanita Utama, Tjuk Imam Restiadi, Rimayanti Rimayanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aim: Persistent corpus luteum (PCL) causes anestrus in mares. This study aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a) treatment on PCL of racing mares to restore fertility. Materials and Methods: Twelve racing mares suspected with PCL were diagnosed using transrectal palpation and confirmed by serum progesterone (P4) concentration measurement. PGF2a was infused intrauterine, followed by serum collection at 24, 48, and 72 h after. Estrous symptoms were monitored, and mating was conducted on day 3 of estrus with an earlier injection of 8.4 μg gonadotropin-releasing hormone twice a day. Transrectal palpation was performed on days 21-30 to observe the corpus luteum. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed rectally on 40-45 days post-mating and confirmed using Doppler ultrasound scanning. Results: Eleven of the 12 mares had PCL. There was a dramatic reduction in the P4 concentration following PGF2a treatment of mares with PCL. All mares exhibited estrus 2.6±0.55 days post-treatment with a P4 concentration of 0.12±0.12 ng/ mL. Rectal palpation and P4 concentration on 21-30 days after estrous onset showed that all mares were ovulating. The evaluation of P4 concentration on days 40-45 post-mating showed that all mares were still in the luteal phase. However, the pregnancy rate was only 54.5% based on rectal palpation and Doppler ultrasound scanning. Conclusion: Treatment of PCL in racing mares with an intrauterine infusion of PGF2a restored the estrous cycle and induced ovulation and pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2356-2361
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary World
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Estrus
  • Fertility
  • Good health and well-being
  • Ovulation
  • Progesterone
  • Racing mare


Dive into the research topics of 'Fertility restoration of racing mare with persistent corpus luteum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this