Fault source of the 2 September 2009 Mw 6.8 Tasikmalaya intraslab earthquake, Indonesia: Analysis from GPS data inversion, tsunami height simulation, and stress transfer

Endra Gunawan, Sri Widiyantoro, Gayatri Indah Marliyani, Euis Sunarti, Rachmah Ida, Aditya Riadi Gusman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We estimate the fault model of the 2 September 2009 Tasikmalaya intraslab earthquake based on the GPS data available in western Java, Indonesia. The focal mechanism of the earthquake was used to help construct two possible fault models: a west-dipping fault with a strike of 160.8° and an east-dipping fault with a strike of 34.0°. In this study, vertical information from GPS data is crucial for constructing the top depth of the fault. The subsidence information from GPS data located near the epicenter suggests that the earthquake involved a deeper fault model. While the amount of the moment release of the east-dipping fault (Model dipE) is equivalent to Mw 6.9, the moment release of the west-dipping fault (Model dipW) is equivalent to Mw 6.8. The GPS data inversion indicates that Model dipW produces a better fit than Model dipE. The tsunami simulation indicates that the tsunami height generated by the east-dipping fault is smaller than that generated by the west-dipping fault, implying that the maximum tsunami height of the latter is closer to agreement with the reported one. Unlike Model dipE, the stress transfer analysis of Model dipW indicates that most of the aftershocks were located in the region where ΔCFF is positive, suggesting positive stress from the ruptured triggered aftershocks. The combined analysis of GPS data, tsunami simulation, and stress transfer suggests that the fault ruptured during the 2009 earthquake was dipping westward with a steep dip angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume291
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Coseismic slip
  • GPS data
  • Intraslab earthquake
  • Stress transfer
  • Tsunami simulation

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