Fault identification in an unbalanced distribution system using support vector machine

Sophi Shilpa Gururajapathy, Hazlie Mokhlis, Hazlee Azil Illias, Ab Halim Abu Bakar, Lilik Jamilatul Awalin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Fast and effective fault location in distribution system is important to improve the power system reliability. Most of the researches rarely mention about effective fault location consisting of faulted phase, fault type, faulty section and fault distance identification. This work presents a method using support vector machine to identify the faulted phase, fault type, faulty section and distance at the same time. Support vector classification and regression analysis are performed to locate fault. The method uses the voltage sag data during fault condition measured at the primary substation. The faulted phase and the fault type are identified using three-dimensional support vector classification. The possible faulty sections are identified by matching voltage sag at fault condition to the voltage sag in database and the possible sections are ranked using shortest distance principle. The fault distance for the possible faulty sections isthen identified using support vector regression analysis. The performance of the proposed method was tested on an unbalanced distribution system from SaskPower, Canada. The results show that the accuracy of the proposed method is satisfactory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-800
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Electrical Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Fault distance
  • Fault type
  • Faulted Phase
  • Faulty section
  • Support Vector Machine


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